The Horn of Africa has been described as the "frontline of the war on terror," and there is considerable interest that Somalia is a gateway of war on terror in the region. The concern of terrorism in Somalia can be extended back to 1998 when al-Qaeda-sponsored bombings to U.S. embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar... Continue Reading →
The Possibility of Preventive War between the United States and China
The global power shift problem has been long-standing history in the modern state system for preventive war among states. The growing relative power of a potential rival creates a serious inevitable preventive war. The rise of China’s military and economic power and the decline of the United States' international system for the last decade is... Continue Reading →
The ICC: My Reflections on the International Criminal Court.
The idea of creating International Criminal Court (ICC) is profound to the global justice system for holding individuals criminally responsible for war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide. However, the court’s enforcement mechanism lacks effective authority to prosecute certain people, even those in the Rome Statute jurisdiction. Most war crimes are committed by head of... Continue Reading →
Anarchy in World Politics and Realists Attribute to the Anarchy
It is difficult to understand the world affairs without analysis of anarchy system. In International Relations, “anarchy” is an absence of a central power or authority in international system. The absence of central authority includes the absence of global authorities that make and enforce agreements and rules. Since there is no overarching authority in international... Continue Reading →
Greatest Terror Threat to US National Security: White Supremacy
The nature of the terrorist threat to the United States has changed for the last two decades. The most urgent terrorist threats the United States face are domestic terrorism from across the political spectrum, white supremacy, and lone offender extremism. Terrorism is a “premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by groups or covert... Continue Reading →
Why has the US had such a difficult time achieving satisfying results with military force in the post-WW II era?
The United States spends more on military than many of its key allies, and enjoyed the only remaining superpower since the fall of the Soviet Union. However, U.S. has rarely achieved military war since the World War II. Since then, wars the United States involved started with civil wars. U.S. has fought five major wars... Continue Reading →
Trump’s Anti-Immigrant Agenda and Racism is Not without Precedent: Make america “white again.”
I am sick and tired of hearing from prominent democratic politicians say “this is not the america I/we know” and “America has a long tradition of welcoming immigrants” when Donald Trump attacks immigrants and muslims. Trump’s racism and xenophobic attacks on immigrants, Muslims and people of color is exactly what America defines who they are.... Continue Reading →
Kenya-Somalia Maritime Dispute and Fierce Diplomatic Relation: What has to be done in strengthening their relations!
t We live in a world where we can watch disasters and suffering unfold around the world. But do we actually notice what is happening to those involved? Africa, in general, is largely absent from classical geopolitics and cross-border conflicts for the last two decades. However, Middle East (Gulf) geopolitics and economic rivalry has long... Continue Reading →
CLAN FEDERALISM: Somalia’s Clan Federalism is Far Worse than the current 4.5 Clans’ Power-sharing and Terrorist groups in the Country.
Somalia is a federal state with six elements (States) organized along clan lines: Jubbaland, South West State, Puntland, Galmudug, Hirshabeele including Somaliland, a self-declared independence from the rest of Somalia after the collapse of the Somali Democratic Republic in 1991. The effort to create these clan-federal states within Somalia will test the limits of federalism... Continue Reading →
WACO: Tragedy by the Branch Davidians and the FBI’s Misunderstanding of religious value.
On February 28, 1993, Agents from the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) raided the Branch Davidian cult compound in Waco, Texas, prompting a gun battle in which four agents and six cult members are killed. The federal agents were attempting to arrest the leader of the Branch Davidians, David Koresh, on information that... Continue Reading →